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Air Transport in India: ISIC 62
- Over 2000-2010 the total market for air transport in India grew 73% to reach just under INR126 billion in the latter year. The growing economy in India led to its air transport industry becoming known as competitive and dynamic. Since 2005 air carriers have bought 400 Boeing and Airbus aircraft. A huge number of low-cost carriers entered the market over 2004-2005, the major ones being Kingfisher Airlines and SpiceJet. Now the largest and most popular air transport companies in India are Kingfisher Airlines, Jet Airways and Air India.
- The total market grew at an average annual rate of more than 6% over the review period. Data suggest that the industry is at a mature stage. However, the potential for growth remains high as improving economic conditions allow more people to travel. The main source of growth was business deals, which accounted for 41% of the total market. Households took a portion of 34%, but saw their share decrease by seven percentage points from 37% in 2000 to 30% in 2010. Purchases associated with investment purposes accounted for 21% of the total market, experiencing an upward trend from 18% in 2000 to 28% in 2010. Government added another 5% of total market, but its share gradually decreased over the review period from 7% in 2000 to 4% in 2010. The highest growth rates in value terms were generated by purchases for investment purposes – almost 12% a year. B2B purchases came second with 6% annual growth, households increased spending marginally, by approximately 4% a year, while government spending actually declined by 7% over the review period.
- The Local industry fully satisfied local demand and even exported some of services. Therefore the total turnover of local producers remained greater than the total market size and climbed above INR126 billion in 2010. Growth levels were just a fraction lower than those of the total market, and averaged under 6% annually. Scheduled air transport was the most lucrative sector in the industry, accounting for nearly 85% of total turnover and 6% of annual growth in value terms over the review period. Non-scheduled air transport sliced an additional 14% of the total turnover and grew more, rising by 8% a year. Space transport’s share gradually declined to just 1% of total turnover in 2010, and saw an annual contraction of 4%. During the recent economic crisis the air transport industry in India made huge losses as the number of passengers dropped immediately. Moreover, increasing oil prices did not held the situation, so carriers were forced to reduce prices. Air India is the state-owned company and made the greatest losses, accounting for 10% of total losses of the global airline industry in 2009.
- Over the review period import volume expanded almost 3-fold to reach almost INR12 billion in 2010. The average annual growth rate of 13% indicates that local demand for imported products was rising. However, 2009 saw a contraction of 10%, and in 2010 imports grew by a mere 4%.
- Export levels grew modestly, rising 4% annually over the review period to reach INR12 billion in 2010. The share of exports as a proportion of total output was in the region of 11% throughout 2000-2010. Significant contractions in export volumes occurred in 2003 (16%), 2007 (27%) and 2009 (17%), when due to the global economic downturn foreign trade partners experienced shortages in disposable funds. In 2010 exports grew by just 1%, suggesting that the global industry has not still recovered.
- The main costs came from business deals. Business deals gradually increased their share of total costs from 62% in 2000 to 80% in 2010. Value growth was the most rapid at 9% annually. Employee remuneration and related costs declined from 21% in 2000 to 14% in 2010, but managed to remain in the growth region in value terms of 2% annually. Taxes less subsidies declined most, with their share of total costs dropping from 17% in 2000 to 6% in 2010. Furthermore, an average annual contraction of 4% in value terms was evident. The industry’s profit margins (EBITDA) remained sufficiently high over the review period, reaching even 37% in 2004, but in 2010 margins slightly declined to 29% of total turnover. Profit growth pace was very similar to that of the total turnover of local producers, i.e. 6% a year.
- Industry is expected to grow by 8% annually over the period of 2011-2016. Airports Council International aims to help India’s air transport industry become the third-largest in the world by 2027.
Chart 1 Hierarchical Position of Air Transport Industry
Source: Euromonitor International
- Category: I – Transport, storage & communications
- Division: 62 – Air transport
This division includes:
Scheduled air transport:
- transport of passengers or freight by air over regular routes and on regular schedules
Non-scheduled air transport:
- non-scheduled transport of passengers or freight by air
- regular charter flights
- launching of satellites and space vehicles
- space transport of physical goods and passengers
Exclusions: regular charter flights.
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