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Appliances for Measuring, Navigating, and Testing in India: ISIC 3312
APPLIANCES FOR MEASURING, NAVIGATING, AND TESTING
- Indian measuring, navigating and testing appliances reached a record-high value of INR113 billion in 2010, after showing a 9% average annual growth rate since 2000.
- Value of local production stood at INR51 billion, 20% of which was special purpose measuring devices such as thermometers, barometers, instruments for checking liquid level, flow or pressure and the like. Meanwhile, 58% of local industry turnover falls under the “other” measuring instruments: manufacture of microscopes, speed indicators, thermostats, electricity supply meters and a wide variety of other apparatus, as well as their installation, maintenance and repair services.
- The manufacture of electron microscopes, mostly used in material and biological sciences, is one of the especially promising industry segments. The electron microscope, which can magnify objects up to two million times, is an integral part of many laboratories. Researchers use it to examine biological materials (such as microorganisms and cells), a variety of large molecules, medical biopsy samples, metals and crystalline structures, and the characteristics of various surfaces. The electron microscope is also used extensively for inspection, quality assurance and failure analysis applications in industry, including in particular, semiconductor device fabrication.
- At the end of the review period, Indian electron microscopes was shared almost equally by Fei (Philips), Zeiss (Cambridge/Leica/LEO), JEOL and Hitachi. In addition, Tescan entered the category in 2005.
- Since 2002, the Indian government has allocated funds to various scientific and technological institutions which in turn, increased the size of electron microscopes in the country. The upcoming demand in nano science and nano technology is expected to expand the size of measuring, navigating and testing appliances even more. The field is also supported by the government, which seems fairly willing to invest in nano technology applications in medical, electronic and semiconductor, education, agriculture and other industries.
- Imports constitute 15% of all sales, with the US, Germany, Japan and Singapore firmly holding their positions as top foreign suppliers to the Indian market. As of end-2010, the US accounted for 21% of all import value, Germany had 17% share, Japan and Singapore – 8% share each.
- Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) is one of the largest producers in the field. It is a state-owned electronics company with nine factories across India, primarily manufacturing advanced electronic products for the Indian Armed Forces. BEL is one of the eight PSUs under the Ministry of Defence, Government of India. Other production lines include sophisticated state-of-the-art electronic equipments/components for the use of other governmental users such as All India Radio, Doordarshan, Department of Telecommunications, Police Wireless or Meteorological Department.
- Another important player in the field is Astra Microwave, a designer, developer and manufacturer of sub-systems used in defence, space, meteorology and telecommunication.
- At the end of 2010, Indian producers exported 15% of their value output, mainly to the US (25% of all Indian exports), Singapore, Germany and Bahrain (6% each).
- Locally, navigation and metrological equipment is recording strong sales, along with India’s expanding aviation network, which is currently the ninth largest in the world. The country is being brought closer to international aviation standards, which asks for new modern appliances.
- India is becoming a research and development hub for global aviation, which adds to both demand and manufacture capacity of measuring equipment. In March 2009, Boeing opened the Boeing Research and Technology centre in Bangalore to advance aerospace innovation. Airbus opened its own engineering centre in Bangalore, which it hopes to double in size to 400 staff by 2013. In Bangalore, Honeywell Technology Solutions set up an engineering facility with over 5,500 engineers and GE’s Jack Welch Technology Centre has an extensive research lab with over 3,000 engineers.
- In August 2007, the Airports Authority of India, which manages 125 airports across the country and provides air traffic management services over the entire Indian air space, presented new civil aviation requirements for aircraft using local airport facilities. In particular, these say that all aeroplanes have to be fitted with navigational equipment in accordance with its operational flight plan and in accordance with prescribed Required Navigation Performance (RNP) types. In addition, every plane should have radio communication equipment capable of receiving meteorological information at any time during flight.
- The main purposes for such requirements is to enhance safety, optimize use of airport capacity, reduce delays and flight operating costs, reduce fuel consumption and emissions and enable more efficient use of airspace.
- Turnover of India’s measuring, navigating, and testing appliances is projected to grow by 10% per annum over the forecast period, to INR89 billion by 2016. The industry is expected to record greater demand for instruments and appliances for aeronautical or space navigation. Indian aerospace technology outsourcing, which stood at INR7 billion (US$155 million) in 2010, is projected to reach INR45 billion (US$1 billion) by 2020, which will propose the need for supporting equipment such as satellite-based navigation and secondary surveillance radars (SSR), especially in high density airspace and terminal areas.
- Along with overall Indian economic development and in an attempt to maximise agricultural output, the country should also post better sales of meteorological instruments and apparatus, as part of new meteorological facilities built across the country: integrated weather information systems for current and forecasted weather data, real time satellite weather picture and turbulence warnings.
Chart 1 Hierarchical Position of Appliances for Measuring, Navigating, and Testing Industry
Source: Euromonitor International
- Category: D – Manufacturing
- Division: 33 – Precision & optical instruments
- Group: 331 – Medical & precision instruments
- Class: 3312 – Appliances for measuring, navigating, and testing
This class includes:
Navigational, meteorological, geophysical instruments:
- direction finding compasses (including magnetic, gyroscopic, binnacle and position finding)
- instruments and appliances for aeronautical or space navigation
- other instruments and appliances for navigation (including for marine or river navigation)
- electronic surveying and hydrographic instruments and appliances (including rangefinders, levels, theodolites and tachometers, photogrammetrical instruments and appliances)
- non-electronic surveying, hydrographic instruments and appliances (including rangefinders, levels, theodolites and tachometers, photogrammetrical instruments and appliances)
- other non-electronic surveying, hydrographic, oceanographic instruments/appliances
- electronic instruments and apparatus for meteorological, hydrological and geophysical purposes
- other electronic instruments, n.e.c.
- instruments and appliances used in geodesy, topography, surveying
- non-electronic meteorological, hydrological and geophysical instruments and apparatus
Radar, radio navigational aid devices:
- radar apparatus
- radio navigational aid apparatus (including radio beacons and radio buoys, receivers, radio compasses equipped with multiple aerials or with a directional frame aerial)
- radio remote control apparatus (including for ships, pilotless aircraft, rockets, missiles, toys and model ships or aircraft, for machines, for the detonation of mines)
- balances of a sensitivity of 5cg or better
- drafting tables and machines and other drawing, marking-out or mathematical calculating instruments
- instruments for measuring length, for use in the hand
- instruments and apparatus for measuring or detecting ionising radiations
- cathode-ray oscilloscopes and cathode-ray oscillographs
Instruments for measuring electrical quantities:
- instruments for measuring electrical quantities without a recording device
- instruments and apparatus for telecommunications
- instruments and apparatus for measuring or checking electrical quantities n.e.c.
Special-purpose measuring devices:
- hydrometers, thermometers, pyrometers, barometers, hygrometers and psychrometers
- instruments for measuring or checking the flow, level, pressure or other variables of liquids and gases
- instruments and apparatus for physical or chemical analysis n.e.c.
Other measuring testing instruments:
- microscopes and diffraction apparatus
- machines and appliances for testing the mechanical properties of materials
- gas, liquid or electricity supply or production meters
- revolution and production counters, taximeters; speed indicators and tachometers; stroboscopes
- measuring or checking instruments, appliances and machines n.e.c.
- thermostats, manostats and other automatic regulating or controlling instruments and apparatus
- parts and accessories of microscopes (other than optical) and of diffraction apparatus
- parts and accessories for the goods, instruments and apparatus n.e.c.
- installation services of instruments and apparatus for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes
- maintenance and repair services of instruments and apparatus for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes
Exclusions: optical microscopes; pumps incorporating measuring devices; medical and surgical instruments; industrial process control equipment; binoculars, monoculars and similar optical devices.
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